The Guzmania Bromeliad is a charming table plant that features long narrow leaves that arise from a deep central cup. Its beautiful green leaves are topped by clusters of stunning red, orange, yellow, purple, or white flowers, making it a perfect addition to any office, commercial hall, or even living rooms. These low maintenance perennial plants from the bromeliad family are native to tropical South American countries. They are categorized as epiphytic plants since they grow on other plants with roots that never reach the soil.
Guzmania Bromeliads are drought-resistant plants that thrive in dry soils. These houseplants have frail root systems that quickly rot when overwatered. Some varieties have tanks that store water, while others have fine hairs on leaves that hold misted water. It is crucial to ensure the soil dries between watering. For plants with vases, keep them a quarter full and refresh the water every two months to avoid bacteria build-up. They also like being misted once or twice a week, depending on the season. It is also recommended to avoid using hard water on the plant.
Our Guzmania Bromeliads come rooted in soil and are best watered by keeping the cup full of water, but never watering the soil. The leaves around the stem form a cup that will accumulate and hold water. We recommend filling the cup when watering, and allowing it to empty in between waterings.
Light and humidity
Guzmania Bromeliads come in different varieties adaptable to various light conditions. Bromeliads with thin green leaves do well in low light environments, and those with thick gray leaves prefer medium light conditions. When exposed to direct sunlight, bromeliads bracts quickly fade, and green leaves turn pale. Under-lit leaves become dark green and grow apart. The plants do well in room temperatures of 60 °F - 80 °F. Household humidity levels are always optimal for bromeliads; however, you can raise the humidity around the plant by misting it.
Soil and fertilizer
These are technically air plants that primarily use their roots for support. They can grow in any well-drained soil medium. Apply fertilizer by spraying it on foliage and the surface of the growing medium. You can use an all-purpose orchid food diluted to half strength. Typical air plant fertilizers are also considered suitable for guzmania bromeliads.
Cleaning and pruning
Like other indoor plants, the Guzmania Bromeliad requires cleaning to remove dust particles and minimize possibility of pest attacks. You can also use diluted neem oil to remove and prevent pests. To clean, wipe the plant with a damp soft piece of cloth in a circular motion. Pruning is necessary for removing unattractive leaves, shaping leaves, or getting rid of dead leaves. The process should be done using a sharp pair of scissors.
When the flower bract dies, cut it low in the cup. This will make the plant to develop plantlets as it dies. After the plantlets have substantially grown, cut the mother plant at the soil level (be careful not to harm the suckers). The new bromeliads can be allowed to grow and form a clump or can be repotted in their pots. Newly repotted bromeliads should be treated with tender care since their root systems tend to be very weak.
There is no need for repotting mature guzmania bromeliads. Small plantlets can be repotted in small containers to allow them to establish. Afterward, they can be transferred to a bigger four-inch or six-inch pots. Mature bromeliads are top-heavy plants that easily topple when placed in ordinary plastic containers. Use heavy pots to avoiding tipping over. Below are the steps for repotting;
- Water the plantlets prior to separating from the mother plant.
- Cut from the mother using a sharp knife.
- Put them in a new pot with a well-drained medium.
- Water the plant and allow it to drain.
The Guzmania Bromeliad is non-poisonous, hence safe for pets. They demand low maintenance but are susceptible to red spider mites, powdery mildew, aphids, and scale insects. The good news is that these pests can be easily checked by washing the plant regularly or simply applying regular pesticides or neem oil.