There may not be a more staple house plant than pothos. With their fast-growing vines and seemingly endless variety, these plants are a one-way ticket to creating an indoor jungle. To sweeten the deal, pothos are some of the easiest house plants to care for. Not only can they survive neglect, but they often thrive off it. If you are working on your green thumb this is a great place to start.
Pothos are known to be sturdy plants so forgetting a watering is not a huge deal. You still want to avoid root rot so be careful not to overwater. Allow the soil to dry out between waterings, waiting until the top two or three inches feel dry before watering.
Black spots on the leaves can indicate overwatering. If the plant seems droopy or has dry brown edges, this is a sign that it needs a good drink and more frequent watering in the future.
Sunlight and humidity
Pothos will thrive best in bright indirect light, but this is a plant that will respond well even in some fairly dark corners. If the plant is getting lower light it may lose some of its variegation.
Pothos are very hardy plants and you should generally not have to worry about humidity. From humid summers to super dry winters, they should be fine.
Pothos are known for being extraordinarily easy to propagate. The first step is to take cuttings from a vine. Make sure each cutting has one or two leaves and nodes. Be careful not to take lengthy cuttings as they will take ages to root. Once you have your cuttings, you can either place them in water or soil so that the node is submerged in your chosen medium. In no time the pothos will root.
Benefits and toxicity
Pothos remove pollutants including but not limited to benzene, toluene, formaldehyde, carbon monoxide, and xylene from the surrounding air.
Pothos are poisonous to people and pets. They can cause irritation of the mouth area and vomiting if ingested so be sure to keep them out of reach of small hands and curious paws.
Cleaning and Pruning
Pruning the vines of a pothos is entirely an aesthetic choice. Cuttings from pruning can be propagated. Note that cutting the vines on the plant shorter promotes the plant to become fuller
Fertilizer and type of soil
Pothos are not heavy feeders so fertilizing with a standard house plant fertilizer once a month during the growing season should suffice just fine.
Plant them in any well-draining potting soil and they will thrive.
Pests and problems
Mealybugs and spider mites are the main pests that cause issues with pothos. Mealybugs are white oval-shaped bugs on the bottom of the leaves and the stems of the plant. Spider mites can be detected by the small webs they leave on your pothos. Getting rid of either pest is fairly simple. Wipe down the leaves as best as you can, rinse off the foliage to dislodge any remaining pests, and then spray the plant down with a gentle soap and water mixture or neem oil. Continue these steps every three to five days until there are no further signs of pests.
Pothos enjoy being root-bound, so repotting them is hardly ever necessary. Some people report having had pothos for 30 years without ever repotted them. If you choose to repot them, you can allow the vines to cascade down or you can place a moss pole or trellis near the plant and guide the vines up that. To get an extreme jungle vibe, use small command hooks to hold the long vines against your walls and it will look as if the plant is climbing across your entire room.
Who can help but love pothos? These hardy plants are perfect for the beginner. My parting message is a warning: once you get one variety of pothos, you won’t be able to stop until you collect them all.
Golden Pothos (epipremnum aureum)
These are your staple pothos variety commonly known as devil’s ivy because they are so hard to kill. This pothos has green leaves with a golden yellow variegation.
Snow Queen Pothos (epipremnum aureum)
This stunning variety of pothos is characterized by leaves that are almost entirely white with splashes of green. They are also said to be thirstier than other pothos so keep an eye out for signs of underwatering.
N’joy Pothos (epipremnum pinnatum)
N’joy pothos is perhaps the bushiest variety and grows very full on top in addition to its long vines. It is most distinguishable by its green leaves with large and striking splotches of white.
Green Queen Pothos (epipremnum aureum)
Green queen pothos is the variety with bright green leaves and no variegation. It has a very clean and elegant look.