Though it would take years to actually harvest your morning cup of Joe from your new coffee plant, its bright green leaves and hearty demeanor make this indoor version a beautiful addition to any collection. Do beware- all parts of the coffee plant are toxic to pets and humans, except of course that delicious mature fruit- the coffee bean.
The coffee plant enjoys regular watering. Underwatering results in drooping leaves. If you see this symptom, give your plant a drink and it will perk right up. Its soil should be moist, but make sure its roots don’t sit in water.
Light and humidity
Coffee plants enjoy bright, indirect sunlight. A sunny window is a perfect location. Coffee plants enjoy a humid environment, so consider a humidity tray or humidifier to keep them thriving. It also prefers temperatures above 65. Take care to keep steer clear of drafty locations and consistently cold temperatures.
Soil and fertilizer
Coffee plants enjoy a soil that is rich and peat-based. Excellent drainage is helpful. Avoid soils that are limey, and if your plant is not thriving consider adding some extra peat or similar organic matter (ideal pH is 6-6.5). Use a weak liquid fertilizer every couple of weeks during the growing season, just once a month during the winter.
Cleaning and pruning
Keep the coffee plant pruned to your preferred size. If you discover mealybugs, aphids or mites on your plant, use the least toxic form of pest control first before pursuing heavier chemicals, but do treat quickly to prevent spread to other plants.
Propagating a coffee plant requires a seed from an existing plant or a fresh seed. Propagation from cuttings or air layers is a very involved process where you plant roots that are still also attached to the parent plant. Early summer is the best time to make a cut. Look for a shoot that is straight and 8-10 inches long. Remove all but a few top leaves. Place the cutting in a small pot with potting soil, keeping it slightly moist. When a tug on the plant produces resistance, it has formed roots.
You should repot your coffee plant every spring. You can slowly increase the size of pot. Choose a pot with drainage holes. Root pruning can help to reign in your plants growth and size. Check out our repotting guide for more tips.
If your coffee plant develops leaf drop it is possibly from overwatering or sunburn. Make sure to keep the roots moist but not soaked to prevent root rot. If root rot does occur, repotting is the way to prevent further damage.