Native to South American Rainforests, the Peperomia Green Bean, formally known as the Peperomia Ferreyrae, is an attractive perennial succulent indoor plant with long, bean-like lime green leaves. This epiphytic plant is commonly referred to as happy bean or pincushion peperomia. Enthusiasts of the plant love it for its whorled kind of peapod green leaves that fit in cramped spaces and purify the air. The plant thrives in a range of light conditions, making it suitable for poorly lit indoor areas.
Watering is the most challenging part of peperomia care. Underwatering results in the plant wilting, and the contrary can cause root rot. Based on our experience, we recommend watering the plant every 7-10 days. Adjust the watering accordingly throughout the seasons. Additionally, make sure the planting medium is dry before watering. When watering, thoroughly water the potting mix, then allow it to drain.
Lighting and humidity
Although Peperomia Green Bean can survive in low light conditions, it does better in bright, filtered light environments. Avoid direct sunlight. Extremely low light conditions can result in retarded growth. The plant does well in normal humidity environments. During the winter, when the air is dry, try to artificially raise the humidity by misting the plant or grouping it with other plants. Keep the plant in temperature ranging between 65-75°F; ensure temperatures do not fall below 50°F.
Soil and fertilizer
Use well-drained soils with moderate water retention capacity. For optimal growth, create a potting mix using 50 percent peat moss and 50 percent perlite. You can cover the soil mix with worm compost soil. During the summer, apply a balanced liquid plant food every third time you water. This will ensure your plant achieves a maximum growth rate. During other seasons, apply the solution once in a month.
Cleaning and pruning
Sometimes the peperomia green bean can get scraggly and out of hand. Growers can quickly bring it back to shape by cleaning and pruning. Clean using a damp towel or take it out in the rain. Alternatively, take it to the shower and allow water to run over the plant. When the plant gets bushy, prune it using a pair of sharp scissors.
Peperomia Green Beans are propagated from leaf cuttings. The process involves cutting mature leaves with a small stem of about an inch. Keep the cuttings for a day or two to allow the wound to heal before it is placed in the propagation medium. You can directly germinate the cuttings in a potting mix, or you can put them in water and wait for roots to grow before transferring them to a pot. During propagation, try to keep temperatures above 68F.
Repot Peperomia Green Bean to a pot one size up when the plant has outgrown its current pot. Its roots are tiny; thus, they may not require frequent repotting. However, it is advisable to renew the soil once every two years. To repot, prepare the potting mix as described above, transplant the plant to the new pot, and water it thoroughly. Allow water to drain and return it to its place. It is suitable to do repotting during summer when the growth rate is high.
The Peperomia Green Bean is not a problematic plant; however, its lovers must observe watering frequencies to minimize risk of root rot. They should also ensure the plant is not exposed to extreme cold conditions. The plant can be attacked by mealybugs – always watch out for cottony white masses on the undersides of leaves and stems. You can treat pests with neem oil. It is not toxic to humans and pets; though, its leaves should not be confused with green beans.