Philodendron Congo Green and Congo Rojo Care Guide
Philodendron Congo is a large-leafed houseplant that, at first glance, almost resembles a jungle plant. These Philodendron family members have smooth-edged, oval-shaped leaves and come in a variety of species including Rojo (red leaves), Emerald (dark green), Moonlight (washed-out light green), and Green.
Many new hybrids of this species do not grow into vines, resulting in a single upright plant rather than a plant that grows out horizontally on a vine in search of new places to set its roots.
Any Philodendron is an excellent choice if you want to add a colorful accent to your home or office, or if you simply want something different than the same old, same old. It is most commonly used as a large floor plant but can be used as interesting centerpieces when you use smaller-sized plants.
What Are Philodendrons?
Philodendron Congo Green and Congo Rojo are South and Central American tropical plants. These evergreen perennials are members of the Araceae family, which includes pothos plants. There are hundreds of philodendron species, each with its own distinct cultivar.
Long vines or stems adorned with thick, waxy, dark green leaves are produced by the most common philodendron plants. They can be planted indoors all year and grow quickly. Depending on the species and the size of the container, philodendrons can grow anywhere from one to six feet long and equally wide.
2 Types of Philodendrons
Philodendrons are divided into two types: vining and non-vining.
Vining philodendrons have aerial roots and cascading vines that look lovely in hanging baskets or climbing up a trellis.
Monstera deliciosa, also known as Swiss cheese plant, is frequently confused with a vining philodendron. The internet-famous plant is occasionally mislabeled as a split-leaf philodendron.
4 Philodendron Varieties
Consider one of these philodendron varieties if you’re looking for a true philodendron plant.
Lacy tree philodendron: a non-climbing philodendron, also known as Philodendron selloum or Philodendron bipinnatifidum, has glossy green, serrated leaves.
Heartleaf philodendron: Also known by its scientific name, Philodendron hederaceum, this is one of the most common philodendron varieties. The leaves on these climbers are waxy, heart-shaped, and deep green. It is sometimes confused with the pothos plant due to its many similarities.
Philodendron Brasil: This variety, also known as the variegated heartleaf philodendron (Philodendron hederaceum ‘Brasil’), has yellow variegated leaves. Variegation refers to the appearance of different color zones on the leaves.
This climbing philodendron, also known as a red-leaf philodendron (Philodendron erubescens), has reddish stems and leaves.
What is the difference between Congo Green and Congo Rojo
The green Congo will be larger than the Rojo Congo.
This philodendron grows upright and produces a very nice-looking large plant. As it grows larger, the Rojo Congo leans and sprawls, never reaching the same dimensions as a green Congo plant.
How to Plant Philodendron
Select a container with drainage holes. A pot with drainage holes reduces the risk of overwatering your plant by allowing excess water to escape.
Use potting soil that drains well. Using well-draining soil with sand or perlite in the mix will reduce the risk of overwatering and root rot even further.
Place the plant in a brightly lit area. Philodendrons grow best in indirect light. They rarely get direct sunlight in their natural tropical habitat. They are, however, resistant to nearly all light conditions, including direct sunlight and low light in small quantities.
How to Grow and Care for Philodendron
Philodendron Congo Green and Congo Rojo do not require a green thumb to grow and care for. Having said that, there are a few plant care tips to help your plant thrive.
Water your plant once every seven to fourteen days. Every one to two weeks, give your plants a good drink. If your plant’s leaves turn yellow and begin to drop, you’re probably overwatering it. Allow the top inch of soil to dry completely between waterings to avoid this.
Regularly prune your philodendron. Pruning your plants encourages new growth and keeps them from becoming leggy. Trim off dead leaves to allow new ones to grow. Keep your clippings; they can be used to propagate new plants.
To control the size of your plant, use propagation. To propagate your plant, cut off three to six inches of stem with a sharp pair of garden clippers. Remove the bottom leaves gently, leaving four to six on the stem. Plant the stem in moist soil about two to three inches deep, making sure the soil is firm around the stem and none of the leaves are buried.
Keep an eye out for pests. Philodendrons are susceptible to common pests such as mealybugs, spider mites, and aphids. Keep pests at bay by keeping your plant healthy. If necessary, spray your plant with neem oil or a diluted dish soap solution.
Fertilize your plant once a month. Pale new leaves usually indicate a lack of calcium or magnesium in your plant. Fertilizing your plant once a month with water-soluble houseplant fertilizer will keep it healthy, strong, and beautiful.
Keep your plant away from children and pets. If ingested, philodendrons can be poisonous to humans and pets, but they are not fatal. It is best not to use them as a floor plant if you have pets or children.
As needed, repot your plant. Philodendron Congo Green and Congo Rojo houseplants are typically sold as mature houseplants that do not need to be replanted. However, as your philodendron grows, you may want to relocate it to a larger container or propagate a new plant.
How to do PLANT CARE WITH CELLAR DOOR PLANTS
The Philodendron Congo Green and Congo Rojo are both excellent houseplant choices. It is lovely and simple to care for. It will add a tropical feel to any room and, with proper care, will last a long time.
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How much water do philodendron plants need?
Keep moderation in mind when watering your Philodendron Congo Green and Congo Rojo. Its moisture content should be consistent and consistent. If its environment includes moderate heat, light, and airflow, you should only need to water it once every week or two.
When watering, feel the soil’s surface; if it is dry to the touch, water your Congo just enough to moisten the soil all the way through. There should be no excess water in the liner under ideal conditions. Increased light and heat may reduce the need for extra water. Allow the soil surface to dry completely before watering again. It is critical for good health to have regular and consistent periods of moisture and dryness.
How to tell if Philodendron is unhealthy?
Droopy leaves may indicate underwatering, whereas yellow, droopy leaves may indicate overwatering. Too much direct sunlight may cause brown, crispy spots on leaves.
Are philodendrons toxic?
Philodendron Congo Green and Congo Rojo are poisonous houseplants because they are members of the Philodendron family. To avoid cross-contamination, never ingest any part of a Philodendron and thoroughly wash your hands after pruning or cutting.
Are philodendrons safe around pets?
Philodendron Congo Green and Congo Rojo are not safe to be around pets and may cause a harmful reaction when swallowed.
How much light do philodendrons need?
Moderate natural lighting conditions, as well as diffused natural light and northern exposure, are ideal when choosing a location for your Philodendron Congo Green and Congo Rojo. Artificial light can also be effective if there is sufficient exposure time to the light.
A Congo can tolerate bright light, but bright light increases productivity and growth. This may increase the need to fertilize in order to keep the plant from developing Chlorosis symptoms. In addition, to compensate for the increased light and heat, the amount and frequency of watering may need to be increased. Also, keep in mind that a Congo leaf that comes into contact with a hot window will be burned, so try to avoid allowing your Congo to grow towards the window by rotating it frequently.
For a Congo, low light is the worst option. Its leaves and stems are prone to rot in low light, and symptoms of overwatering can develop. A Congo is less capable of using its water effectively and efficiently in low light because its productivity decreases with less light.
Do you need to repot Congos?
The plant can happily live in the supplied pot for up to a year. Touch the soil to see if it has become loose or if the roots have become overgrown to see if the plant is ready to be repotted. Irrigate the pot before transplanting to loosen the soil. Use rich, well-draining soil when repotting.